In early 1991, non-Arabs of the Zaghawa tribe of Sudan attested that they were victims of an intensifying Arab apartheid campaign, segregating Arabs and non-Arabs (specifically, people of Nilotic descent).
Sudanese Arabs, who controlled the government, were widely referred to as practicing apartheid against Sudan's non-Arab citizens.
In South Africa and Latin America, mixed-race people are generally not classified as "black".In other regions such as Australasia, settlers applied the term "black" or it was used by local populations with different histories and ancestral backgrounds.It imposed a system of legal racial segregation, a complex of laws known as apartheid.The apartheid bureaucracy devised complex (and often arbitrary) criteria in the Population Registration Act of 1945 to determine who belonged in which group.Similarly, the Sahrawi autochthones of the Western Sahara observed a class system consisting of high castes and low castes.
Outside of these traditional tribal boundaries were "Negro" slaves, who were drawn from the surrounding areas.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.
As such, the meaning of the expression varies widely both between and within societies, and depends significantly on context.
The child was given rights of inheritance to the father's property, so mixed-race children could share in any wealth of the father.
Because the society was patrilineal, the children took their fathers' social status at birth and were born free.
The Coloured group included people of mixed Bantu, Khoisan, and European descent (with some Malay ancestry, especially in the Western Cape).